Uraman or Uraman Takht (also known as Huraman, Avroman, Owraman, Owraman Shahr, and Shehr-e-Avroman) is a village in Uraman Takht rural district, Sarvabad county, Kurdistan Province. The Uraman Takht Village is one of the attractive rural areas which besides its panoramic views has valuable tourism capacities because of the annual performance of an ancient and wonderful ceremony of Peer Shahriar.
Uraman village is located in an east-west valley on a steep slope overlooking the northern front of the Takht Mountains 75 km south of the city of Marivan. Since the village had been the center of the local rulers, it is called Uraman Takht, takht meaning throne in Persian. The climate of this region in spring and summer is very pleasant and it is very cold in winter. Terraced farms and stone architecture of terraced villages, where the roofs of one row of houses happens to be the courtyards of another row of houses situated on a higher level, add to the beauty of the region.
The name Huraman is derived from -hura and -man. Man means place or land; and Huraman is thought to mean the “Ahurayi land or the place of Ahura Mazda” or higher divine spirit. According to the people’s belief, Uraman used to be a big city and of great importance in the past, hence it was known as Takht (meaning throne) or the center of the government.
At an altitude of 1450 meters above the sea level, the village enjoys mild weather in spring and summer, and cold weather during fall and winter. Uraman is a vast and mountainous area of Zagros which includes the entire south of Kurdistan Province, and Uraman Takht village is a part of it.
The village is located on a steep slope facing the northern side of the Uramanat Mountain. Therefore just like Masuleh village, Gilan province, it has a dense and step-like residential area adding to its beauty and attractiveness. The roof of each house forms the yard of the upper one, and the walls are made without using any mortar, just by artistically putting pieces of stone on top of one another. The most frequently used materials in construction of buildings are stone and wood; and the wood is usually from walnut or plane trees.
The residents of the village are Sunni Muslims and speak in Urami or Hurami dialect of the Kurdish language. Most of Uraman Takht residents are farmers, gardeners, or raisers of livestock; while some of them work in the field of handicrafts. Among traditional arts and handicrafts of the people are various kinds of felt, cotton shoes, woolen rugs (called Jajim), wooden cutlery, windows, and doors. Just like the people of other villages of Kurdistan, residents of Uraman wear local Kurdish clothes, of bright and attractive colors and patterns.
Due to the tough climatic conditions, the customs and traditions of its people have remained pristine; the most significant of which is ‘Pir Shalyar’. It is a religious ceremony held on the last Wednesday and Thursday before mid-Bahman (early February) next to his mausoleum in Uraman Takht village. Pir Shalyar was a Zoroastrian priest and it is said to have embraced Islam later on.
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